Province of Salta Salta is a city located in the Lerma Valley, at 1,152 metres (3780 feet) above sea level in the northwest part of Argentina. It is also the name for the capital city of Salta Province. Along with its metropolitan area, it has a population of 619,000 inhabitants, which makes it the second most populated city in the northwest of the country.
It is situated in the Lerma Valley, 1,152 metres (3780 feet) above sea level, at the foothills of the Andes mountains.The weather is warm and dry, with annual averages of 756 mm of rainfall and an average temperature of 16.4 °C (20.4 °C in summer, 10.8 °C in winter). January and February are the months with greatest rainfall. During the spring, Salta is occasionally plagued by severe, week-long dust storms.
In the city The city centre features a number of buildings dating back to the 18th and 19th and early 20th centuries. Clockwise around the Ninth of July Square are the neoclassical Cathedral Shrine, the French style Museum of Contemporary Art, the Cabildo (in former times, the city's town hall, nowadays a historical museum) and the neoclassical Museum of High Mountain Archeology, which houses artifacts from the Inca civilization, including the mummies of three Inca children. The Plaza is almost completely surrounded by a gallery.Within walking distance of the 9th July Square are the Saint Francis Church and the city's three pedestrian streets: Alberdi,Florida and Caseros. The three blocks in Balcarce street closest to the train station are now the centre of night life in Salta, with restaurants, pubs and cafés on both sidewalks and concerts every night.Rising in the east is San Bernardo Hill. Its summit, from which visitors can get a view of the city and the entire valley, can be reached by car, cable car or stairway.
Salinas Grandes This salt desert is located 100 kilometers North of Salta at approximately 170 meters above sea level. The drive from Salta (1.187 meters) via the Cuesta de Lipan (4.100 meters) on Ruta Nacional 52 is breathtaking and the scenery at the salt desert itself is stunning.
Purmamarca This village at the beginning of the Quebrada de Humahuaca is widely known for its colored mountains nearby, especially the Cerro de los Siete Colores (Hill of the Seven Colours). It also features a big handicraft market at the central plaza.
Tilcara Tilcara is another village in the Quebrada de Humahuaca. So expect to see even more colored mountains and another big handicraft market.
Cachi Cachi is a town in the Valles Calchaquíes, a 300 kilometer long chain of valleys at the east flank of the Andes. It is quite remote and for Argentinian standards very tidy. The drive up to Cachi via Ruta Provincial 33 (which is to 70% unpaved) is probably one of the most amazing drives one could ever imagine. The road starts in El Carril, leads through the Yungas before it winds up to the Piedra del Molino (3.457 meters) to continue on the Altiplano and then finally reaches Payogosta.