Department of Pando The department of Pando is located in the Northeast of Bolivia and rank fifth in surface size of all departments. The entire surface is covered by a thick jungle, crossed by a complex network of rivers, feeding it since the drawn off time. It features within this network the most vibrant and beautiful rivers that spill into the great Madera River, which, in turn, flows into the Amazon.
The flora and fauna is considered an unequalled reservoir o species that makes for a rich and vast biological diversity. Many of their medicinal plants are still unknown although the first aboriginal tribes used them with great success. It is believed that the Amazon jungle houses plant life that could be used to cure diseases such as cancer.
The capital of Pando, Cobija, has very deservedly earned titles such as "The Sentinel of Nationality" and "The Pearl of the Acre River". It is considered the most beautiful city in the Amazon jungle.
In the city
Cobija and Puerto Bahia: Two names for one city that before its creation in 1938, was the remote and mysterious Territory of Colonies, a vast and wild place where the most stunning and admirable chapters of Bolivian courage and sacrifice were written.
One should definitely visit Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church which dates back to the early days of the twentieth century; there is also the gorgeous Paseo Junin (Junin Boulevard), the best work of landscaping in the country; the legendary and historic Acre River is also worth visiting. A stroll to the historical Museum, offers interesting pieces, which are reminder of our dramatic history; the main plaza has recently been renovated with exquisite historical monuments and buildings, such as the old City Hall and the Prefecture Building.
The places of interest in Cobija are many. A tourist can visit the Official Port of the Acre River, a legendary river full of history, and the location where they are currently building a bridge between Cobija and Brasileia- a Brazilian town across from Cobija. Also of interest is the general Cemetery where one can see the mausoleum built by Nicolas Suarez for the veterans of the Acre War, and also visit the monument erected in remembrance of the Japanese migration of 1899.
The House of Culture: A renovation based on the old armoury, which housed electric generators during Cobija's early days. In it, one finds true historical relics that have been treasured for many years. The Cocamita Baths, located just 30km away in the small town of Porvenir, is a popular weekend spot for Cobija's residents. Cruz Milagrosa Church is a place of thrilling history which mixes religious faith with the mysterious appearance of a beautiful woman whom everyone swears is Mother Mary herself. Many have gone to receive blessings from Cruz Milagrosa (Cross of Miracles), making the Monday visits a Cobia tradition.
MANURIPI NATIONAL AMAZON WILDLIFE PRESERVE: This ecosystem is classified as both a humid and sub-humid Amazon jungle: always green, seasonal and featuring Hylea elements. It is one of Bolivia's richest areas in flora and fauna. Although research into its biodiversity has only just begun, to date studies have discovered 760 species of plants, 112 species of fish, 70 amphibian species, 72 reptile species, 489 bird species and 150 different mammals.
MADRE DE DIOS RIVER: This is considered the most beautiful river in all of the Amazon jungle. On its shores are many barracks and incipient farming communities, dedicated the harvesting chestnuts as a traditional economic resource.
BENI RIVER: Beginning at a height of over 5000 meters in the snow-capped mountains of La Paz, this is a river flowing with history. It holds the memories of missionaries, scientists, explorers, adventurers and rubber collectors who braved the dangers of this unknown territory, to mine the trees full of wealth for their taking.
MADERA RIVER: This is the hardest river in Bolivia. It is formed in the convergence of the Beni and Mamore Rivers, across from the town of Villa Bella. The Madera's original name in the Pano Language is "CAIARI", which means "killer" or "destroyer". The Pacahuaras knew it as "CARICARI" or "River of the White waters", a direct allusion to its rapid which seem to boil before the spectator's eyes.
ORTHON RIVER: This is the home of the legendary and nearly extinct Araonas, a people who've lived on its shores since a period that has been lost to the mists of time. The near extinction of these warriors, as well as others that were completely eliminated without a trace, is owed to the rubber expeditions of the late 19th century.
TAHUAMANU RIVER: The main characteristic of this river is the colour of its water, a clear brown, caused by frequent avalanches along its 250 kilometres, from its start in Peru up to its convergence with Manuripi where the Orthon is formed.
MANURIPI RIVER: Its name means "Small River" and it begins in Peruvian territories, though in Pando it grows larger due to the many other rivers that converge with it. The Manupiri forms the so-called Lago Bay, an intact ecological sanctuary full of animal and plant species typical to the Amazon.
ABUNA RIVER: It makes for almost the entire northern border of Bolivia with Brazil, up to its outlet into the great Madera. This river has a length of approximately 350 kilometres and has its beginnings from the convergence of two small brooks, the Chipamanu and the Caramanu.
Map of Cobija city
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