North and South Peru 21 days Private | PERNAS21PRIVATE

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map MAP | Your trip on a interactive Mapcloud_download DOWNLOAD |All the information about your trip in PDF format to check anytime offlinehelp_outline INFORMATION |All you need to know about your tripcard_travel MAKE THIS TOUR IN GROUPTravel in a small group (from 4 to 12 pers. Max), your trip will be guided by local English speaking guide and the departure date are organized by us.


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    Day 1.  Arrival in Lima
    Today you arrive in Lima. Upon arrival at the international airport our team will be waiting to transfer you to your hotel. There are no activities planned of today and depending on your time of arrival you might have time to explore the town.

    Day 2. Lima – City tour
    In the morning we are transferred to the airport for our flight back to Lima and upon arrival in Lima we are transferred to the hotel. After lunch we go for a city tour of Lima and the evening is free.

    Ancestral Lima: We start our tour with a panoramic view of the “Pucllana Pyramid” a magnificent ceremonial and archaeological centre built in the 4th century a.D. and considered a “Sacred Village” by the Incas. The Viceroyalty of Perú was the most important of the Spanish Empire and Lima was its capital.

    Colonial Lima: We visit the Historical Centre of Lima, where you will see more than fifty monuments and Colonial buildings, such as the Paseo de la República, the San Martín Square, the Main Square, the Government Palace, the Archbishop’s Palace, the Cathedral Basilica, and the City Council Palace. We also visit the museum of the Banco Central de Reserva where we can admire the “Treasures of Perú” collection which is a fine selection of objects made of gold, ceramics and textiles from different pre-Columbian cultures. During the tour we also visit the monumental San Francisco convent, which displays the largest collection of religious art in America. Our highlight will be the visit of the underground vaults, known as “Catacumbas” or Catacombs.

    Contemporary Lima: We visit some traditional residential areas of Lima, such as El Olivar of San Isidro, Miraflores and Larcomar.

    Day 3. Lima – Trujillo
    After breakfast we are transferred to the bus station for our bus to Trujillo. We arrive at 20h00 and after getting installed in the hotel the evening is free.

    Day 4. Trujillo
    After breakfast we leave to visit the famous Huaca de Sol and de la Luna which were constructed by the Mochicas and measure more than 20m/66ft high. We continue to La Huaca Dracon and after lunch we visit Chan Chan which was declared a Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1986 – the biggest clay town in the world and the capital of the Chimu Kingdom. In the afternoon we return to Trujillo and the evening is free.

    Huaca de Sol y de la Luna: The countryside in the province of La Libertad was the land where the ancient Mochica culture chose to build up its most important ceremonial centres: The Huaca del Sol and the Huaca de la Luna. Located only 8 km away from the city of Trujillo, these impressive monuments are more than 1,500 years old. The Huaca or Temple of the Sun functioned as an administrative and political centre. It is a staggered pyramid of approximately 43 meters high that was built by 250,000 men in only three days according to tradition. Around 70 million adobe bricks were used for its construction. The Huaca de la Luna or Temple of the Moon is located 500 meters away from the Huaca del Sol. This construction was built for ceremonial purposes and it is formed by six superimposed temples built during different periods of the Mochica culture. Its polychrome big walls, on which they represented the Mochica divinity known as Ai-Apaec (Slaughterer God), are remarkable since they are very well preserved. It is thought that multiple human sacrifices were held to honour this god, rituals that have been captured in other elements of the Mochica iconography. Other characters have been also represented on its façade: serpents, fishermen, huge spiders holding ceremonial knives, priests, etc. These would have been designed to pay tribute to the water and the fertility of the land.

    La Huaca Dragon or Rainbow: This adobe pyramid is especially important because it was constructed in the early days of the Chimu culture at the end of the cultures Tiahuanaco and Huari and is estimated to be 1100 years old. The temple was called Ciempiés (Centipede) (Horkheimer, 1944) and The Dragon (Schaedel, 1948). There are still evidences in some reliefs of yellow colour, for that reason it was also known as Huaca de la Muralla Dorada (Temple of the Golden Wall). However, the most utilized denomination is Arco Iris (Rainbow).

    Chan Chan: The ancient Chimú kingdom (700-1400 AD) founded their capital by the banks of the Moche River in the department of La Libertad and called it Jang-Jang, which in the ancient Mochica language means "sun-sun". Chan Chan, which spans an area of 20 square km, is the largest mud-brick citadel dating back to the pre-Hispanic era. To build it, the Chimú architects used clay, mud, pebbles, wood, reeds, straw and cane, materials which enable the citadel to blend in with the sandy coasts. The complex is made up of many cities within a city, each of which has its own single entrance which leads  down a corridor that opens up into other passageways lining walls and buildings featuring some marvellous rectangular architecture: inner patios, residences, administrative buildings, temples, platforms and storehouses. The walls were decorated with haut-relief friezes done in geometric and animal figures. The T-shaped platform that housed the king's burial chamber was the most important construction in the complex. The citadel was surrounded by outlying quarters which housed the kingdom's producers and servants. The separate cities today have been given the names of the archaeologists who studied them (Rivero, Tschudi, Bandelier, Uhle, Tello). The Rivero city was the seat of Minchancamán, the last of the Chimú rulers, who was captured by the Incas and taken to Cuzco, according to the Spanish chroniclers. The city was the urban centre of a vast regional state which covered half of the Peruvian coast, stretching from Tumbes on the Ecuadorian border down as far south as Lima. All roads branched out from Chan Chan.

    *Depending on the season and the weather, the itinerary will change and there are some sights which are not always accessible!

    Day 5. Trujillo – Chiclayo
    In the morning we visit the historical centre of Trujillo; the Cathedral, the Archbishop's Palace, the church of La Compañía, the monastery of El Carmen with its colonial houses. We then head to Chiclayo and on the way we visit the Huaca El Brujo. We arrive in Chiclayo in the afternoon and the evening is free.

    Huaca el Brujo: The El Brujo Archaeological Complex 60km/38mi north of Trujillo is an ancient monument of the Moche culture. Huaca El Brujo (or Cortada/Partida) and Huaca Cao Viejo (or Huaca Blanca) were built by the Moche sometime between 1 and 600 AD. Huaca Cao Viejo is famous for its polychrome reliefs and mural paintings, and the discovery of the Señora de Cao, the first known Governess in Peru. A letter found during excavations at the site may contain translations of numbers written in Quingnam or Pescadora using the decimal system, the first physical evidence for existence of either of these languages.

    * Depending on the season and the weather, the itinerary will change and there are some sights which are not always accessible!

    Day 6. Chiclayo – Lima
    Today we visit the pyramids of Túcume an archaeological site of rare beauty with its adobe pyramids approx. 40m/131ft high that belong to the Lambayeque culture. A rich fauna and hundred-year-old vegetation surround the site. We visit the archaeological site of Huaca Rajada (the Lord of Sipan) after lunch we visit the modern museum of the royal tomb of Sipan which has a collection of gold object which were found in the tomb and not far from there we finish our visit in the Brüning museum. After our visits we head to the bus terminal for our night bus back to Lima.

    Pyramides of Tucume: The pyramid complex of Túcume is one of the most important pre-inca centres because of its size and the quality of its structure.

    This site was a major regional centre, maybe even the capital of the successive occupations of the area by the Lambayeque/Sican (800-1350 AD), Chimú (1350–1450  AD) and Inca (1450–1532 AD). Local shaman healers (curanderos) invoke power of Túcume and La Raya Mountain in their rituals, and local people fear these sites.

    Huaca Rajada (Lord of Sipán): In 1987 a team of archaeologists discover the skeleton of the Lord of Sipán one of the greatest warlords of the Moche people. And the discovery have enabled historians and archaeologists to piece together much of the lost history of an impressive civilization which dominated most of northern Peru for centuries. The Lord of Sipán was buried with his head pointing south, his nose and ears covered with gold relics and his feet clad in silver. To accompany him, his subjects sacrificed women, children and llamas, while the finest warriors of the era accompanied their overlord on his voyage to the Afterlife.

    El museo National Tumbas Reales de Sipan:
    This modern museum houses most of the important artefacts which Dr. Walter Alva Alva found in 1987. He helped found and support construction of the museum, which opened in 2002. The museum was designed to resemble the ancient Moche tombs and the museum's main attraction is the Lord of Sipan and his entourage, who accompanied him to the after world with him. The warriors who were buried with him had amputated feet, as if to prevent their leaving the tomb. The women were dressed in ceremonial clothes. Dogs, llamas, and more than 80 huacos (works of ceramic pottery) were also buried in the tomb.

    The National Archaeological museum Bruning:The Brüning Museum, also known as Museo Regional Arqueológico Enrique Bruning de Lambayeque was inaugurated in 1924. It is an excellent museum based on the collections of Bruning gathered at the end of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century. The Peruvian government acquired this collection in 1925. This museum has been constantly enriched by pieces obtained in confiscations, donations and discoveries. The most recent procurement is the pieces acquired in the Grave of the "Master of Sipán". His remains and the mortuary trousseau rest between the walls of the museum. The Golden Room shows up to 500 works of art.

    The museum was constructed as a modern and functional facility, inspired by the works of Corbusier. There are more than 1500 pieces from different cultures, including an invaluable textile collection and ceramics of Chimú and Vicus. Thousands of golden objects are kept in sealed rooms, including funeral masks of copper, ceremonial vessels, an extraordinary necklace and jewellery of proveniences of Mochica and Chimú and pieces of the culture Lambayeque.

    In the gardens of this beautiful museum depositor emphasizes the figure of Naylamp, founder of the Lambayecanos Kings' dynasty. The frontage has a mural with Lambayecanos motives. The interior of the principal building is a sequence of four levels, between his brokers and lounges exhibit more than 1,400 archaeological pieces, declarations that were bequeathed of the cultures Lambayeque, Moche, Chavín, Vicus, Inca and others. The most important pieces date of more than 10,000 years ago.

    * Depending on the season and the weather, the itinerary will change and there are some sights which are not always accessible!

    Day 7. Lima Arrival Leisure day
    Upon arrival in Lima our team will transfer you to your hotel and the day is free to explore Lima on your own.

    Day 8. Lima – Cuzco – City Tour
    After breakfast we head to the airport for your flight to Cuzco. Upon arrival we are transferred to the hotel and after lunch we start our city tour where we visit the archaeological sites of the town; Koricancha, the Cathedral, Sacsayhuaman, K’enkho, Puca Pucara and Tambo Machay. The evening is free to enjoy Cuzco.

    Day 9. Cuzco – Sacred Valley – Aguas Calientes
    After breakfast, we visit the Sacred Valley and all the important Inca ruins in the area.  We’ll see the ruins of Pisac with (depending on the day) the market, Urubamba and Ollantaytambo - a superb Inca fortress made of megalithic stones. In the evening we take the train to Aguas Calientes - a small village where all the buildings are concentrated along the railway giving it a “gold-digger” ambiance where we spend the night.

    Day 10. Aguas Calientes - Machu Picchu – Cuzco
    We leave at 07h00 or earlier by bus to visit the famous Machu Picchu. After this impressive visit we return to Aguas Calientes to take the train back to Ollantaytambo, where upon arrival we are transferred to the hotel in Cuzco and the evening is free. 

    The Citadel of Machu Picchu is the most important attraction in Cuzco. It was discovered in 1911 by the American explorer, Hiram Bingham, and is considered to be one of the most extraordinary examples of scenic architecture in the world. In Quechua Machu Picchu means “old mountain”. The Citadel was built on a hilltop which dominates the deep valley of the Urubamba river in the middle of tropical rainforest. Machu Picchu was both a centre of worship and astronomical observation and the private domain of the family of the Inca Pachacuteq.

    Day 11. Cuzco – Puno
    In the morning we are transferred to bus station to take the touristic bus that goes to Puno. On our way we visit the church Andahuaylillas from the XVIIth century where we can observe some beautiful paintings. The tour continues through the valley of Cuzco close to the Huacarpay Lake where we make a halt at the pre-Inca site Pikillaqta from the Wari culture (XIIth century) which is partly destroyed. We continue to the Raqchi ruins where we can observe the remains of the central wall of the Wiracocha temple, which was one of the highest covered buildings constructed by the Inca. We stop at Sicuani for lunch before we pass the Raya mountain pass at 4321m/14.180ft and we visit the thermal springs in the region. Our last visit is the ruins of Pukará and we except to arrive in Puno around 19h30 where the evening is free.

    Day 12. Puno – Uros – Amantani
    We leave at 07h30 to visit the floating island of the Uros. The small islands are made of totora reeds, which grow in the lake. The dense roots that the plants develop and interweave form a natural layer called Khili (about one to two meters thick) that support the islands. They are anchored with ropes attached to sticks driven into the bottom of  the lake. The reeds at the bottoms of the islands rot away fairly quickly, so new reeds are added to the top constantly, about every three months. The islands last about thirty years. The islands were originally created by the Uros to prevent attacks from their neighbours the Incas. After this fantastic visit, we continue to Amantani which is a small touristic island in the lake where its people still maintains ancient customs, there, we visit the ceremonial centres of the Pacha Mama and Pacha Tata. The rest of the day is free.

    Day 13. Amantani – Taquile – Puno
    After breakfast we continue our island tour and after about one hour navigation we arrive at the Taquile island. This is quite a unique place at the lake where the inhabitants speak Quechua while all the other islands speak Aymara and the island is famous for its traditions and the lifestyle of the inhabitants. We return to Puno where the evening is free.

    Day 14. Puno – Arequipa
    After breakfast* we are transferred to the bus terminal for our bus to Arequipa. Upon arrival in Arequipa we are transferred to the hotel and the rest of the day is free to explore the town on your own.

    Day 15. Arequipa - Chivay/Cañon de Colca
    At 08h00 we start our tour to the majestic Colca Valley, also called the “Inca’s lost valley”. We visit Pampa Cañahuas and the Salinas National Reserve and at Aguadas Blanca we can observe Vicuñas, Lamas and Alpacas. We pause at Tojrapampa where we can observe the Bofedales (wetlands) and see different species of migration birds as well as flamingos. Later we stop at Patapampa at the viewpoint of the Andes where we can admire the surrounding volcanoes. This will be our highest point on our tour at 4900m/16.080ft. From here we walk down into the Colca Valley to 3600m/11.810ft  where we get installed in the hotel. After lunch we go for a trek (3-4 hours) to discover the archaeological site Uyo Uyo and we enjoy the landscape and the thermal baths of Yanque. Early evening we return to the hotel and the evening is free. 

    Day 16. Canyon de Colca – Arequipa
    After a very early breakfast we head towards the Cruz del Condor from where we can observe the depths of the canyon and the flight of the Condors. From the Cruz del Condor we walk to the Cruz del Cura and we visit the small traditional villages Pinchollo Yanque and Maca where we can see amphitheatre, church and terraces. We return to Chivay and after lunch we return to Arequipa where the evening is free.

    Day 17. Arequipa – Nazca
    After breakfast we leave for the bus terminal to take the bus to Nazca (10h). Once arrived in Nazca we are transferred to the hotel and the evening is free.

    Day 18. Nazca – Paracas
    After breakfast you have the possibility to do the fly-over of the Nazca lines. The Nazca lines were discovered in 1926/27 and designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. They are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert and show hundreds of individual figures range in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks, orcas, and lizards. The lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish/greyish ground beneath. The largest figures are over 200m/660ft across! Due to the dry, windless, and stable climate of the plateau and its isolation, for the most part  the lines have been preserved. Extremely rare changes in weather may temporarily alter the general designs. For those you have chosen not to do the fly-over we leave to visit the Chauchilla cemetery where we can see very well preserved mummies and archaeological remains of the Nazca culture. We explore the local culture through a visit to a pottery workshop and we visit the aqueducts which used to serve to divert an underground source and recover the water. Our last visit is the Antonini Museum before we leave Nazca. Upon arrival in Paracas our local team will be waiting to bring you to your hotel.

    Day 19. Paracas – Islas Ballestas – Lima
    After breakfast we visit the Islas Ballestas. Composed largely of rock formations and covering an estimated area of 0.12 km², these islands are an important sanctuary for marine fauna like the guanay guano bird, the blue-footed booby and the tendril. Other notable species include Humboldt Penguins and two varieties of seals (fur seals and sea lions), amongst other mammals. We return to Paracas for lunch before taking the bus to Lima where the evening is free.

    Day 20. Lima Departure*
    According to your time of departure you are transferred from the hotel to the airport in Lima. For international flights it is recommended to arrive at the airport 3 hours before scheduled departure. End of our services.

    Important: Itinerary can change because of weather conditions and some sights are not accessible at all times – Lipiko Tours cannot be held responsible for any changes in itinerary and sights not visited as a result.

     

     

     

    General information:
    Highlights: Lima, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Sacred Valley, Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca, Puno, Uros, Amantani, Taquile, Arequipa, Chivay Canyon de Colca, Nazca, Paracas, Islas Ballestas.

    Support Team: English speaking tour leader for the entire tour for groups of 4 people or more. For smaller groups it is possible to book this tour without a tour leader. Instead you would have guided visits with a local guide in chosen language. Please contact us directly to receive a personalized quote.

    Departure guaranteed: Group Tour: from 4 people. Individual Tour: from 2 people 

    Accommodation: 20 nights in hotel.

    Porterage: Your luggage will be transported either by plane, car, boat, and bus. You will have to carry the personal belongings (camera, water, etc.) which you need during the day. 

    Service: For group above 4 people you will be accompanied by a tour leader in the chosen language. His role is to make sure that everything goes smoothly during the tour and that each individual and the group as a whole are safe. Don’t hesitate to ask him if you are unsure of anything and, very important, to follow his advice. 

    Included in the price: 
    - Water, air and land transfers as indicated in the program 
    - Accommodation in hotel/hostel in double rooms, Ecolodge, shelter, home stay, camping, bus and plane as indicated in the program.
    - Meals as mentioned in the program 
    - The assistance of specialized local English speaking guides, their fees and expenses 
    - The assistance of our local teams; driver(s) and logistics department (24/7) 
    - Visits as outlined in the program 

    Not included in the price:
     
    - Entrance fees to sites visited, national parks and museums as indicated in the program (allow for approx. 1500 Argentine Peso (Argentian national currency) per person – in Brazil (allow for approx. 150 Brazilian Real (Brazilian national currency) per person – this is an estimate and actual prices may vary) 
    - Meals not mentioned, drinks, tips, individual equipment, everything not mentioned in “included in the price” and all personal expenses 
    - Individual obligatory personal travel insurance (this could be included with your credit card – please check with your credit card provider) 
    - The supplement for a single room: 390 USD (subject to availability, must be reserved and paid upon reservation). Attention; no single room available for the nights with accommodation in shelter, home stay and camping. 
    - Possible visa expenses
    - International flights

  • GROUP : Travel in a small group (from 4 to 12 pers. Max), your trip will be guided by local English speaking guide and you can choose among the departure dates available.

    Dates and Travellers
    Travel length
    Departure
    Fare
    Booking

    21 Days
    on site
    Travel lenght: 15 Days on site in Bolivia.
    From 2 people.
    Departure: From 2 people.
    all inclusive.
    (as indicated in the program for: domestic flight(s), taxes, tips, hotels, guides, transports, meals)
    Book Now
  • TAILOR MADE :Travel where, when, how and with whom you want. Choose your own departure date, the length of your stay, the visits, the category of your hotels even the type of transport.


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